Aspergillus Association Of America
A Nonprofit Organization

Educating the community about the health risks of Aspergillus mold

What is Aspergillus?


Aspergillus is a fungus (mold) that is found all over our enviroment. It is found in soil, like compost, dust, and buildings.There are many species of Aspergillus but only a few cause illness in humans who may have a weaken immune system such as leukemia, asthma or underlying lung disease.

Aspergillosis illnesses can cause allergic reaction or sometimes fatal infections.

Though we can not avoid Aspergillus altogether we can minimize are exposure by wearing a mask while gardening and stay away from compost piles, inspect our homes and buildings for mold, and follow doctor’s treatments.

Who Can Get Aspergillus Fungal Infections?


People with suppressed immune systems from such illnesses as Leukemia, Tuberculosis, Asthma or Cystic Fibrosis.

What Kind of Aspergillus Infections Are There?


 

  1. Allergic Broncholuar Pulmonary Aspergillosis or (ABPA) occurs when one is allergic to the mold spores Aspergillus.
  2. Aspergilloma or Chronic Pulmonary Aspergillosis occurs when one’s lungs are damaged from illness or surgery and the fungus Aspergillus enters the cavities and grows. The Aspergillus fungi can cause a Fungal Ball.
  3. Aspergillus Sinusitis is caused by the Fungus Aspergillus. As with the other Aspergillus infections, this disease can cause Allergic Sinusitis, Fungal Balls and Invasive Aspergillosis in people.
  4. Invasive Aspergillosis affect persons with a suppressed immune system, whether damaged by disease or surgery. Persons who get this type of infection need early treatment to improve survival rate.

Symptoms


  1. Allergic Pulmonary or ABPA may include, cough, and wheezing similar to asthma. Some people may cough up green or brown colored mucus plugs or blood.
  2. Aspergilloma or Chronic Pulmonary Aspergillosis may include one or more cough, feeling tired, weight loss or green and brown sputum and sometimes blood.
  3. Allergic Sinusitis may include runny nose or stuffy nose, fever, headache and facial pain. One may get nasal polyps.
  4. Invasive Aspergillosis usually shows no symptoms in the beginning and later may include fever, cough, shortness of breath and chest pain, and green or brown sputum.

Medications Used for Treatment


PREDNISONE
PREDNISOLONE
ITRACONAZOLE
AMPHOTERICIN B
CASPOFUNGIN
VORICONAZOLE
POSACONAZOLE
ANIDULAFUNGIN
MICAFUNGIN

Doctors Who Treat Aspergillus Infections


Most Infectious Disease doctors can treat Aspergillus Fungal Infections. Pulmonary and Ear, Nose and Throat doctors work side by side with the Infectious Disease Doctors as they have the experience and knowledge of the medications used for treatment.

Success Rate


The success and survival rate of Aspergillus Fungal Infections depends on the types of infection and the overall immune system of the patients. As well as how quickly one is diagnosed and starting of treatments. In Invasive Aspergillosis cases the mortality rate is between 50 to 80% and if untreated is 100%.             
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Aspergillus Association Of America
PO BOX 982
Barre,Vermont 05641
info@aspergillusassociation.org

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